Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a method used in urgent medical situations that require prompt actions to restore a person’s heartbeat. People who need CPR have lost consciousness, are unresponsive, and do not breathe normally.
Because of the nature of the technique, a combination of chest compressions and rescue breaths, it’s important that as many people are educated on how to use it. To adequately stress the importance of CPR, it’s best we look at the numbers involving sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) cases, where even seconds matter to save a life.
Learning how to perform CPR can make all the difference to an SCA victim. CPR awareness statistics can help grasp the importance of early CPR and educate the public on the steps to save a life.
Annual Cardiac Arrest Data in the U.S.
According to data from the American Heart Association Journal, cardiac arrest incidence in the U.S., there are more than 350,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrest cases every year! These are frightening numbers, even more so when we include the fact that in 90% of the cases, the outcome is fatal.
The reason these numbers are devastatingly high is that only 40.2% of SCA victims receive CPR from a bystander. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest cases are prevalent compared to in-hospital cardiac arrests, which is why so many people fail to receive proper and timely help. CPR outcomes can be greater if only more people learn how to perform CPR.
Regarding the CPR impact on mortality, only 5% of SCA victims make it to the hospital without CPR administration.
When a person falls unconscious due to cardiac arrest, helping them right away can make all the difference; with every passing second without help, an SCA victim’s chances of survival lessen. The longer the human body is left without blood circulation and lack of oxygen, the greater the chances for fatal outcomes.
In short, early CPR can prevent further health complications and effectively improve the survival odds of the cardiac arrest victim.
Sudden Cardiac Arrest as a Deadly Public Health Nemesis
Sudden cardiac arrest stands as a formidable and deadly public health nemesis. Considering cardiac arrest data, more than 365,000 Americans suffer a sudden cardiac arrest either at home or in public, and the gravity of the incidence is becoming increasingly obvious.
Striking unexpectedly, SCA claims thousands of lives annually, making it a leading cause of death. Its swift and often fatal nature necessitates urgent action and heightened awareness.
Widespread access to CPR training, defibrillators, and public education on recognizing warning signs are critical in combating this silent killer and improving survival rates in our communities.
The Correlation Between CPR and Time Frames
The sooner CPR is started, the greater the CPR success rates are, and the sooner the body can be revived and begin pumping oxygenated blood through the body. Would it be accurate to say that there is also a correlation between CPR and time frames? Absolutely yes!
Close to 45% of OHCA victims survived thanks to public response to cardiac emergencies. This particular statistic goes to show how crucial it is for bystanders to be trained in CPR and to act quickly if they see someone suffering from cardiac arrest.
We’ve examined the correlation between potential brain damage and cardiac arrest during particular time frames.
- 0-4 minutes: Occurring brain damage is not likely; survival chances are high.
- 4-6 minutes: Brain damage is possible; brain death might be nearing.
- 6-10 minutes: Brain damage is very likely to occur; even after being resuscitated, the victim might suffer persistent health consequences.
- 10+ minutes: Brain death is highly likely to occur; chances of the victim reclaiming consciousness or surviving are nearing 0.
With such information at hand, it becomes apparent that the sooner an SCA victim is resuscitated, the greater the chances for survival and minimal health consequences.
It Takes Approximately 8 Minutes for an Ambulance to Arrive
Keep in mind that the 8-minute time frame is only an average: in some cases, an ambulance might arrive sooner, and in some, later. A city ambulance might be able to arrive in 8 minutes after being dispatched, but that’s a reference for city traffic; it will take more for an ambulance to arrive on the scene in rural areas.
The time between the dispatch and the arrival is of the utmost importance: if a bystander, a family member, or anyone that finds themselves near an SCA victim doesn’t resuscitate the victim right away, the outcome will be devastating.
In terms of percentile, 10.7% of SCA victims that have suffered an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest have survived after receiving CPR. If more people learned about the life-saving importance of CPR and didn’t hesitate to perform chest compressions right away, the numbers would be higher.
CPR Rescue by Gender
It’s an interesting question. On the one hand, it’s possible that the gender of the rescuer could impact the effectiveness of CPR. According to some, a male rescuer might be able to apply more force or have more stamina than a female rescuer, which could lead to more successful resuscitation.
On the other hand, it’s also possible that the gender of the rescuer is not a significant factor and that other factors, such as training and experience, are more important.
In terms of who’s more likely to receive CPR in a public setting, CPR statistics show that males are in the lead. Unfortunately, that’s pretty unsettling information. Bystanders are more likely to intervene if the victim is a male due to stereotypes about men being stronger or more capable of withstanding a medical emergency.
In a public setting, 45% of men would receive CPR assistance, compared to only 39% of women suffering cardiac arrest.
Why Are Women Less Likely to Be Resuscitated by a Bystander in Public?
Alternatively, it’s also possible that people may feel more protective of women and want to help them more than men. Either way, it’s important to be aware of this disparity and to ensure that everyone who needs CPR receives it, regardless of gender.
Lastly, bystanders are more compelled to perform CPR on a man than a woman, mainly because of male and female anatomy. Bystanders are hesitant to perform CPR on a woman because of their breasts, which can make bystanders uncomfortable.
The presence of breasts could make some people feel uncomfortable or unsure about performing CPR on a woman. Unfortunately, something like this could prevent someone from receiving the help they need in an emergency.
Key Takeaway: Numbers That Save Lifes
In the unfortunate event that someone suffers a sudden cardiac arrest, every single second counts. The moment you notice a person stops breathing, CPR is due. With more than 356 000 Americans suffering cardiac arrest, the need for CPR training is that much more important. Even more so when considering the survival rates after CPR.
When delivered within the first seconds of the event, CPR significantly boosts the survival chances, as with every passing second without chest compressions or rescue breaths, the victim’s chances of survival decrease by 10%.
How long can CPR keep someone alive?
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation can keep a human body oxygenated and the blood circulating for as much as 30 minutes without risking brain damage. EMTs might perform a few sessions of CPR before restoring to defibrillation in the event of an out‐of‐hospital cardiac arrest.
Can just anyone do CPR?
There isn’t a restriction on who’s allowed to perform CPR. In fact, respectable health institutions encourage everyone to learn CPR, and there are a number of ways to do it. If you don’t need a CPR certificate for work, you can sign up for an online class and learn how to perform CPR for your own sake and peace of mind.
When is CPR not recommended?
This is a great question. CPR is not be performed on a victim who is breathing normally. This means the oxygen reaches the brain, and the heart pumps blood. In such a scenario, you don’t need to perform CPR, only call 911 and stay beside the victim until help arrives. If their condition worsens and the victim stops breathing, then start giving chest compressions.